Internal Audit

Internal Audit means

  • “An independent management function,
  • which involves a continuous and critical appraisal
  • of the functioning of an entity
  • with a view to suggesting improvements thereto and
  • add value to and strengthen the overall governance mechanism of the entity,
  • including the entity’s strategic risk management and internal control system

Applicability of Internal Audit

The class or classes of companies shall be required to appoint an internal auditor or a firm of internal auditors, are following as under-

  • every listed company;
  • every unlisted public company –
    • having paid-up share 50 crores or more 
    • having turnover 200 crores or more 
    • having loans or borrowings from public financial institutions exceeding 100 crores or more at any point of time 
    • having outstanding deposits 25 crores or more at any point of time

during the preceding financial year

  • every private company having-
    • having turnover 200 crores or more; or
    • having outstanding loans or borrowings from public financial institutions exceeding 100 crore rupees or more at any point of time 

during the preceding financial year:

Who can be appointed as Internal Auditor?

Only a chartered accountant or a cost accountant shall be appointed as the internal auditor in the firm or organization. whether he is engaged in the practice or not, or such other professionals as may be decided by the Board to conduct internal audits of the functions and activities of the companies. It cannot be an employee of the company.

Internal audit function

A function of an entity that has performs many activities like assurance and consulting activities designed to evaluate and improve the effectiveness of the

  • entity’s governance, 
  • risk management and 
  • internal control processes

The objectives and scope of internal audit functions

The objectives and scope of internal audit functions include assurance and consulting activities designed to evaluate and improve the effectiveness of the entity’s governance processes risk management and internal control areas the following

Activities Relating to Governance: 

Evaluate the governance process in its accomplishment of 

  • objectives on ethics and 
  • values, 
  • performance management and 
  • accountability,
  • communicating risk

and effectiveness of communication with TCWG (those charged with governance) or other personnel or management

 Risk Management: 

The entity identifying and evaluating significant risk and the improvement of risk management and internal control.

Procedures to perform the entity also detection of fraud.

Internal Control:

  • Evaluation of internal control: 

Responsibility for reviewing the controls, evaluating their operation are conducted effective and recommending improvements thereto.

It provides assurance on the control.

  • Examine of financial and operating information: 

Review used to identify, recognize, and report on the financial and operating information, and to conduct specific inquiry into individual items, including detailed testing of transactions, balances, and procedures, etc.

  • Review of operating activities: 

Review of the economy, efficiency, and effectiveness of operating activities, including nonfinancial activities of an entity.

  • compliance with laws and regulations: 

Review of the compliance with laws, regulations, and other external requirements, and with management policies and directives and any other internal requirements.

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